The Old Testament contains several prophecies that refer to Jesus Christ. These prophecies, written centuries before the birth of Jesus, are seen as evidence of God’s plan and the fulfillment of divine promises. Here are some of the key prophecies about Jesus in the Old Testament:
- Many verses in the Old Testament refer to Jesus either directly or indirectly.
- Several verses serve as prophetic proof that Jesus is the Messiah.
This verse is known as the protoevangelium, or the first proclamation of the Gospel. It speaks of the seed of the woman who would crush the head of the serpent, referring symbolically to Jesus’ victory over sin and Satan.
This prophecy declares that a virgin would conceive and bear a son, and his name would be Immanuel, which means “God with us.” Christians interpret this as a prediction of Jesus’ miraculous birth to the Virgin Mary.
This verse foretells the birth of a child who would be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, and Prince of Peace. Christians view this as a prophecy of Jesus and his divine nature.
This prophecy predicts that the Messiah would be born in Bethlehem, a small town in Judah. This was fulfilled in Jesus’ birth in Bethlehem as recorded in the New Testament.
This entire chapter is often referred to as the “Suffering Servant” passage. It describes a servant who would bear the sins of the people and be pierced for their transgressions. Christians believe this prophecy finds its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus’ crucifixion and atoning sacrifice.
This psalm contains vivid descriptions of suffering and crucifixion. Many of its verses parallel the events surrounding Jesus’ crucifixion, including the piercing of hands and feet and the casting of lots for his garments.
This prophecy speaks of the Messiah entering Jerusalem on a donkey, a scene that corresponds with Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday.
This passage speaks of God’s anointed king who will rule over the nations. Christians interpret this as a prophecy about Jesus’ ultimate authority and kingship.
This prophecy describes a shoot coming forth from the stump of Jesse, referring to the lineage of King David. It foretells the coming of a righteous Branch who will bring justice and righteousness to the earth. Christians believe this refers to Jesus’ lineage from the house of David and his role as the promised Messiah.
This verse speaks of a voice crying out in the wilderness, preparing the way for the Lord. Christians understand this as a prophecy about John the Baptist, who prepared the way for Jesus’ ministry.
This prophecy foretells that the people will look on the one they have pierced and mourn for him. Christians see this as a prediction of Jesus’ crucifixion and the mourning that followed.
This passage describes a servant of God who will bring justice to the nations. Christians believe this servant refers to Jesus and his mission to bring salvation and redemption to all people.
This verse speaks of a servant who willingly offers his back to those who strike him and his cheeks to those who pull out his beard. Christians interpret this as a prophetic picture of Jesus’ suffering during his crucifixion.
This prophecy predicts the striking of the shepherd and the scattering of the sheep. Christians see this as a reference to Jesus’ arrest, crucifixion, and the scattering of his disciples.
These are just a few examples of the prophecies in the Old Testament that Christians believe point to Jesus as the Messiah. There are numerous other passages and symbols throughout the Hebrew Scriptures that are seen as foreshadowing Jesus’ life, ministry, death, and resurrection.